- Will shrink if washed at high temperature but may be ironed at high temperature.
- If garment is coloured it should be washed alone for the first time.
- Colours will fade if hung in direct sunlight.
- High resistance to rubbing.
- Should not be washed at high temperatures but can be ironed at high temperature.
- If coloured, linen will fade in direct sunlight.
Viscose / Rayon
- Dry clean only – due to delicate nature of fabric when wet.
- If you can’t get your garment to a drycleaner, a warm, gentle hand wash in a delicate liquid detergent is essential.
- Iron using a low to medium heat with a small amount of steam.
- Store garments in drawers rather than wardrobes, with some sort of moth repellent – try dried lavender sachets or cedar balls as alternatives to unpleasant smelling mothballs.
- Don't use pegs as the fabric becomes weak when wet.
- Hand wash inside out in warm water using a delicate liquid detergent. Some silks may handle a gentle machine wash – check manufacturer care instructions.
- Handle with care when wet.
- Dry flat out of direct sunlight.
- Iron on a low heat setting with steam.
- Store folded in drawers or hung in plastic.
- Don’t tumble dry, machine wash (unless stated on garment), bleach, rub, or spot clean.
- Moths love silk – ideally store garments in plastic along with some sort of moth repellent.
- Silk can be easily damaged by perspiration, so wear a camisole or singlet underneath shirts/tops.
- Dry cleanable.
- Some silk fabrics fade easily.
Elastane, Spandex, Lycra and other stretch garments
Any garment containing spandex, elastane, or lycra will retain its shape well and will remain wrinkle free – the following tips refer to these stretch fibres, not the fibres they are blended with.
- Warm machine wash.
- Line dry.
- Don’t bleach.
- As these fibres are blended with others, always pay attention to the fibre they are blended with – e.g. If they are blended with silk, pay attention to silk washing instructions as well.
- Fit: the stretch component in a garment that fits too tightly will rupture and show through – commonly found on inner thigh and seat of trousers as little white or grey threads. Keep this in mind when shopping.
- Hand wash inside out in warm water using a registered liquid wool wash.
- Wash in a large tub with plenty of water (not a bucket). This will help prevent the garment becoming matted.
- Handle carefully when wet.
- Dry (flat) immediately out of direct sunlight.
- Iron (if necessary) using a warm steam setting.
- Store folded.
- If the garment care label advises machine washing, use a warm delicate/wool cycle in a delicates bag. Slow spin and remove from machine immediately.
- Don’t bleach, tumble dry, or hang.
- Wool is wrinkle resistant so suiting, trousers, etc. should be hung straight after use and any creases will drop out.
- The new breed of ultra-fine delicate merinos appearing in stores require more thoughtful, gentle handling than other chunky, sturdier knits – keep this in mind when washing and drying.
- Perspiration can harm and colour fibres, so it might pay to wear a camisole or singlet underneath more delicate woollen garments.
- For optimum performance and longevity, dry clean.
- Machine wash inside out (to retain colour), separately, in cold water.
- Pre-dissolve washing powder in water (alternatively, use liquid), to avoid detergent staining.
- Remove from machine immediately shaking out any folds or wrinkles.
This prevents dye "ponding" leaving creases and folds white in appearance.
- Line dry inside out. If the care instructions advise tumble drying, then dry on low heat setting.
- Warm to hot iron using plenty of steam.
- Don’t bleach, hot wash, or dry iron.
- Wash before any visits to the tailor, as denim can shrink (even if ‘pre-shrunk’).
- Avoid wearing light colours with denim as dye can easily bleed or rub onto clothes and shoes. Over time this should become less of an issue as the excess dye reduces with subsequent washes. Also be wary of light coloured furniture.
- Store hung or folded.
Polyester / Nylon etc.
- Cold wash. These fabrics are sensitive to heat.
- Iron at a low temperature with no steam.
- Has high resistance to fading.
- Fine polyester chiffons or nylon mesh knits must be handled with extra care.
- Garments will snag if they come into contact with rough surfaces such as jewellery, handbags or seatbelts. When laundering follow the individual garments care instructions.